How the US Statehood Process Works
In the decade between California’s admission to the Union in and the start of the Civil War in , seething national tensions over slavery and succession reached across the continent to impact the development of statehood in California. Sep 09, · Though it had only been a part of the United States for less than two years, California becomes the 31st state in the union (without ever even having .
The process by which U. Constitution empowers the U. Congress to grant statehood, the process for doing so is not specified. The Constitution merely declares that new states cannot be created by merging or splitting existing states without the approval of both thhe U. Congress and the states' legislatures. Otherwise, Congress is given the authority to determine the conditions for statehood. Constitution, Article IV, Section 3clause 2.
Congress typically requires the territory applying for statehood to have a certain minimum population. In addition, Congress requires the territory to provide evidence that a majority of its residents favor statehood. Congress is under no constitutional obligation, however, to grant statehood, even in those territories whose pf what is the statehood of california a desire for statehood. Historically, Congress has applied the following general procedure when ahat territories statehood:.
The process of attaining statehood can literally take decades. For example, consider the case of Puerto Rico and its attempt to become the 51st state. Puerto Rico became a U. So if the U. While some territories have significantly delayed petitioning for statehood, including Alaska 92 years and Oklahoma yearsno valid petition for statehood has ever been denied by the U. Once a territory has been granted statehood, it has all the rights, powers and duties established by the U. Bynearly a half-century had passed since Arizona became the 47th state of the United States on February 14, californiq It took Alaska almost a century to achieve statehood.
The use of statehoov Alaska Territory as the site of key military bases during World War II led to an influx of Americans, many of whom chose to remain after the war. During the decade after the war ended inCongress rejected several bills to make Alaska the 49th state iw the Union. However, President Dwight D. However, as a territory, Hawaii was allowed only one nonvoting member in the House of Representatives. Wealthy American landowners and growers in Hawaii took advantage of this fact to keep labor cheap and trade tariffs low.
Ina congressional committee voted in favor of Hawaiian statehood. While the House callfornia and passed several Hawaii statehood bills, the Senate failed to consider them. Letters endorsing statehood poured in from Hawaiian activist groups, students, and politicians.
In Marchboth the Wgat and Senate finally passed a Hawaii statehood resolution. In June, the citizens of Hawaii voted to statehokd the statehood bill, and on August 21,President Eisenhower signed the official proclamation admitting Hawaii as the 50th state. Share Flipboard Email.
Issues The U. Legal System U. Foreign Policy U. Liberal Politics U. Robert Longley. History and Government Expert. Robert Longley is a U. Facebook Facebook. Updated January 03, Key Takeaways: U. Statehood Process The U. Constitution gives Congress the power to grant statehood but does not establish the process for doing so. Congress is free to determine the conditions of statehood on a case-by-case basis.
According how to rent a car for someone else to drive the Constitution, a new state cannot be created by splitting callfornia merging existing states unless both the U. Congress and the legislatures of the states involved approve. In califormia past cases, Congress has required that the people of the territory seeking statehood vote in a free referendum election, then petition the U.
Cite this Article Format. Longley, Robert. What souvenirs to buy in nice france Puerto Ricans Immigrants in the U.
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Mar 13, · California has the largest economy in the United States and, in , was the first state to reach the trillion-dollar benchmark in gross state product. In , California was ranked the ninth. California, constituent state of the United States of America. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, , and by the early s it was the most populous U.S. state. No version of the origin of California’s name has been fully accepted, but there is wide support for the contention that it derived from an early 16th-century Spanish novel, Las sergas de Esplandian (“The Adventures of . 51 rows · California: Sept. 9, 31st: Ceded by Mexico by the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, .
Statehood simply means the status of being one of the states of the US. Delaware was the very first state admitted to the Union in The United States most recent state admitted to the Union was Hawaii in A state in the United States is defined as a geographical boundary that holds legislative, executive, and judicial authority below the federal government. There are currently 50 states bound together in the Union. As of , there has been significant interest in granting District of Columbia DC statehood as well as Puerto Rico, the oldest colony.
States admitted to the statehood are listed below. You can sort in order of admission dates or alphabetical by state. Sort by Statehood Date. Alaska Jan. Arizona Feb. Arkansas June 15, 25th The territory was larger than the state. After statehood the leftover area to the west had post offices that continued for some years to use an Arkansas abbreviation in the postmarks, although they were really in the "Indian Country.
From then until statehood, California had a military government until Dec. It never had a territorial form of government. Colorado Aug. Connecticut Jan. Delaware Dec. Florida March 3, 27th. Georgia Jan. Dole as first Governor. Idaho July 3, 43rd. Illinois Dec. Indiana Dec. Iowa Dec.
Kansas Jan. Kentucky June 1, 15th Never a territory, it was part of Virginia until statehood. Louisiana April 30, 18th With certain boundary changes, had been the Territory of Orleans. Maine March 15, 23rd What is now the state of Maine was, before statehood, called the District of Maine and belonged to Massachusetts. Maryland April 28, 7th The seventh of the original 13 colonies. Massachusetts Feb. Minnesota May 11, 32nd. Mississippi Dec. Missouri Aug. The area to the west and northwest of the state, which had been in the territory, was commonly known as the "Missouri Country" until May 30, , and certain of the post offices in this area show a Missouri abbreviation in the postmark.
Montana Nov. Nebraska March 1, 37th. Nevada Oct. New Mexico Jan. New York July 26, 11th The 11th of the original 13 colonies. North Carolina Nov. North Dakota Nov. Oklahoma Nov. Oregon Feb. Pennsylvania Dec. Rhode Island May 29, 13th The 13th of the original 13 colonies. South Carolina May 23, 8th The eighth of the original 13 colonies. South Dakota Nov.
Texas Dec. Utah Jan. Vermont March 4, 14th Until statehood, had been a region claimed by both New York and New Hampshire Virginia June 25, 10th The 10th of the original 13 colonies. Washington Nov. West Virginia June 20, 35th Was part of Virginia until statehood. Wisconsin May 29, 30th The state is smaller than the territory and the leftover area continued to be called the Territory of Wisconsin until March 3, Wyoming July 10, 44th.
Find on Areaconnect Yellow Pages Link to 50states. Contact Us Privacy Terms Disclaimer. Territory by Act of March 3, , effective Aug. A district from Oct. This region was sometimes called Arizona before , although it was still in the Territory of New Mexico. June 15, 25th. The territory was larger than the state. March 3, 27th. The territorial date Aug. July 3, 43rd.
There was a residue of Indiana Territory that continued to exist under that name until Dec. June 1, 15th. Never a territory, it was part of Virginia until statehood. April 30, 18th. With certain boundary changes, had been the Territory of Orleans. March 15, 23rd. What is now the state of Maine was, before statehood, called the District of Maine and belonged to Massachusetts. April 28, 7th. May 11, 32nd. The state was much smaller than the territory.
March 1, 37th. June 21, 9th. July 26, 11th. Was part of Dakota Territory before statehood. Admitted on same day as South Dakota.
March 1, 17th. The state was formed from Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory. May 29, 13th. May 23, 8th.
Admitted on same day as North Dakota. June 1, 16th. March 4, 14th. Until statehood, had been a region claimed by both New York and New Hampshire. June 25, 10th. June 20, 35th. May 29, 30th. The state is smaller than the territory and the leftover area continued to be called the Territory of Wisconsin until March 3, July 10, 44th.