Tropical Rainforest Biome
Precipitation Rainforests receive the most rain of all of the biomes in a year! A typical year sees 2, to 10, millimeters (79 to inches) of rain per year. As tropical rainforests are located on or close to the Equator, the climate is typically warm and wet. The high rainfall and year-round high temperatures are ideal conditions for vegetation growth. The wide range of plants encourages a huge variety of insects, birds and animals. Temperatures in the tropical rainforest are high throughout the year.
The rainforest biome remains warm troipcal year and must stay frost-free. Rainforests receive how to compare 2 databases most rain of all of the biomes in a year! A typical year sees 2, to 10, millimeters 79 to inches of rain per year. There are two types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. Tropical rainforests are found closer to the equator and temperate rainforests are found farther north near coastal areas.
The majority of common houseplants come from the rainforest. Location Map. Tropical rainforests are found closer to the equator where it is warm. Temperate rainforesf are found near the cooler coastal areas further north or south of the equator. The tropical rainforest is a hot, moist biome where it rains all year long. It is known for its dense canopies of vegetation that form three different layers.
The top layer or canopy contains giant trees that grow to heights of 75 m about ft or more. This layer of vegetation prevents much of the sunlight from reaching the ground. Thick, woody vines are also found in the canopy. They climb trees in the canopy to reach for sunlight. The middle layer, or understory, is made up of vines, smaller trees, ferns, and palms.
A large number of plants from this level are used as common houseplants. Because of the small amount of sunlight and rainfall these plants receive, they adapt easily to home environments. The bottom layer or floor precilitation the rainforest is covered with wet leaves and leaf litter.
This material decomposes rapidly in the wet, warm conditions like a compost pile sending nutrients back into the soil. Few plants are found on the floor of the forest due to the lack of sunlight.
However, the hot, moist atmosphere and all the dead plant material create the perfect conditions in which bacteria and other microorganisms can thrive. Stories, experiments, projects, and data investigations. Download issues for free. EO Explorer.
A tropical rainforest climate, or equatorial climate, is a type of climate typical of tropical forests and regions along the equator. Tropical rainforests experience this tropical climate, a climate without any dry season. In addition, there is neither summer nor winter in the tropical rainforests, but it usually is hot and wet all months of the year with frequent and heavy rains. The average precipitation in tropical rainforests is sixty millimeters per year.
Consecutive days in regions with a tropical climate exhibit similar weather conditions with the day-night variation of temperature higher than the annual average change in temperature. Equatorial climate is prevalent in regions with the latitudes of at most ten degrees North and South of the equator, and the Intertropical Convergence Zone dominates these regions. Southeast Asia, South America, and Central Africa are the major regions which experience tropical rainforest climates.
It is worth noting that an equatorial climate does not feature in all the areas along the equator, but tropical rainforest microclimates are typical in many regions such as the far North Queensland. In some regions that exhibit an equatorial climate, there are uniform heavy rains throughout the year making them monotonously wet.
For example, Andagoya in Colombia has this kind of rainforests. However, in many cases, such as in Palembang, Indonesia, the times of extended days and higher sun are specifically wetter than other periods.
Moreover, while the tropical rainforest is a climate that is common in the regions near the equator, some exceptional instances exist whereby areas that are relatively far from the equator can experience the equatorial climate. For example, Fort Lauderdale in the US and Santos in Brazil are regions which are far from the equator, but they exhibit the tropical climate, though they have remarkably warmer and colder periods in a year. The combination of continuous warm and abundant moisture in the tropical rainforests make it provide suitable environments for many animals and plants.
In fact, the world's highest diversity is in the tropical rainforests, where more than fifteen million species of animals and plants live in these regions. Besides, the hot and humid conditions of the equatorial climate provide suitable habitat for bacteria and other microbes. They are consequently active at all times; therefore, they decompose matter on the forest floor, which in turn add nutrients to the soil. However, the land cannot store the nutrients because the plants in these regions rapidly consume the nutrients.
In addition, a large percentage of nutrients that the soil absorbs from the decomposed matter is leached out by a significant amount of rainfall. As a result, the land in the tropical rainforests remains acidic and infertile. Salome Chelangat October 18 in Environment. What Is A Cloud Forest? What Is A Carbon Sink? What Is Bycatch? The Water Cycle. Great Pacific Garbage Patch. What Is A Wetland?