Depression during pregnancy
Oct 15, · Research suggests that about 7% of pregnant women experience depression during pregnancy. Rates might be higher in low and middle income countries. Depression, a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest, is the most common mood disorder in the general population. The condition occurs twice as often in women as in men, and the initial onset . Depression during pregnancy, or antepartum depression, is a mood disorder just like clinical depression. Mood disorders are biological illnesses that involve changes in brain chemistry. During pregnancy, hormone changes can affect the chemicals in your brain, which are directly related to .
Antenatal depressionalso known as prenatal or perinatal depressionis a form of clinical depression that can affect a woman during pregnancy, and can be a precursor to postpartum depression if not properly treated. Even after birth, a child born from a depressed or stressed mother feels the affects. The child is less active and can also suffer from emotional distress. Antenatal depression can be caused by the stress and worry that pregnancy can bring, but at a more severe level.
Other triggers include unplanned pregnancydifficulty becoming pregnant, history of abuse, and economic or family situations. Commonly, symptoms involve how the patient views herself, how to restore windows xp from bios she what is depression during pregnancy called about going through such a life changing event, the restrictions on the mother's lifestyle that motherhood will place, or how the partner or family feel about the baby.
Left untreated, antenatal depression can be extremely dangerous for the health of the mother and the baby. It is highly recommended that mothers who feel they are experiencing antenatal depression have a discussion about it with their health care provider.
Mothers with a history of mental health issues should also talk to their doctor about it early in the pregnancy to help with possible depressive symptoms. Antenatal depression is classified based on a woman's symptoms. During pregnancy, a lot of changes to mood, memory, eating habits, and sleep are common. When these common traits become severe, and begin to alter one's day-to-day life, that is when it is considered to be antenatal depression.
Symptoms of antenatal depression are:. Such inadequacies can lead to even greater risk factors for the mother. Antenatal depression can be caused by many factors. Often it is associated with the fear and stress of the pregnancy. Other factors include unintended pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum, financial issues, living arrangements and relationships with the father and family.
Typically, depression symptoms associated with pregnancy are categorized as postnatal depression, due to the onset of symptoms occurring after childbirth has occurred. The following is a breakdown of when a group of various women began to feel the onset of symptoms associated with depression:. In a recent article posted by The BabyCenter, the authors stated that "For years, experts mistakenly believed that pregnancy hormones protected against depression, leaving women more vulnerable to the illness only after the baby was born and their hormone levels plunged.
The prevalence of antenatal depression differs slightly by region of world. Antenatal depression was once thought to simply be the normal stress associated with any pregnancy, and was waved off as a common ailment. It can be caused by many factors, usually though involving aspects of the mothers personal life, such as family, economic standing, relationship status, etc. It can also be caused by hormonal and physical changes that are associated with pregnancy. Perinatal mental health screenings are important in detecting and diagnosing antenatal and postpartum depression early.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is how to make polos for horses of the many maternal health organizations that strongly encourage universal screening for expectant and postpartum women for depression as part of routine obstetric care.
However, it is not enough to just provide mental health screenings to at risk how do you get rid of stomach bloat. Interventions such as referrals to treatment and mental health monitoring should be implemented in health care systems in order to ensure these women are helped consistently throughout their recovery journey.
Studies suggest that obese woman tend to suffer more frequently from mental health issues and should discuss any symptoms with their doctor at the first prenatal appointment. Treatment for antenatal depression poses many challenges because the baby is also affected by any treatment given to the mother.
Psychotherapy is recommended for any woman suffering from antenatal depression,  as it is an effective way for the mother to express her feelings in her own words. Specifically, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy effectively helps decrease symptoms of antenatal depression. Familial support may also play a role in helping with the emotional aspects of antenatal depression. Studies suggest that forms of exercise can help with depressive symptoms both before and after birth, but not prevent it entirely.
When discussing medication options for antenatal depression, it is important what to make with mardi gras beads ask the prescribing healthcare provider to share more details about all the risks and benefits of the available medications. During pregnancy, there are two main kinds of antidepressants used during pregnancy; tricyclic antidepressants TCAs and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs.
Once prescribed, anti-depressant medication has been found to be extremely effective in treating antenatal depression. Patients can expect to feel an improvement in mood in roughly 2 to 3 weeks on average, and can begin to feel themselves truly connect with their baby. Reported benefits of medication include returned appetite, increased mood, increased energy, and better concentration. Side effects are minor, though they are reported in some cases.
Currently, no abnormalities of the baby have been associated with the use of antidepressants during pregnancy. Some studies indicate that infants with exposure to SSRIs in the second and third trimester were more likely to be admitted to intensive care following their birth for respiratory, cardiac, low weight and other reasons, and that infants with prenatal SSRI exposure exhibited less motor control upon delivery than infants who were not exposed to SSRIs.
Newborns who were exposed to SSRIs for five months or more prior to birth were at a greater risk for lower Apgar scores 1 and 5 minutes after delivery, indicating they were of lesser health than newborns who were not exposed how to stop being vegan SSRIs before birth. However, prenatal SSRI exposure was not found to have a significant impact the long-term mental and physical health of the children. These results are not independent of any effects of prenatal depression on infants.
Studies have found a strong link between antenatal depression and postpartum depression in women. In other words, women who are suffering from antenatal depression are very likely to also suffer from postpartum depression. The cause of this is based on the continuation of the antenatal depression into postpartum.
In a logistical light, it makes sense that women who are depressed during their pregnancy will also be depressed following the birth of their child. These examples include variables like socioeconomic class, if a pregnancy was planned or not, and the parents' relationship prior to conception and delivery of the child.
In reference to a recent study by Coburn et al. Depression during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion. In a review by Frazier et al. A large study conducted in Denmark observed that there was a higher incidence of first trimester miscarriage in depressed women not exposed to SSRI compared to non-depressed women exposed to SSRI,  indicating that the miscarriage may be associated with the psychological state of the mother rather than the anti-depressant.
Depressive symptoms in pregnant women are linked with poor health outcomes what is depression during pregnancy called how to avoid bloating on period. Reduced breastfeeding, poor physical growth, lower birth weight, early gestational age and high rates of diarrheal infection are some of the reported outcomes of poor health among infants born to depressed pregnant women.
The effects are worse for women from low socio-economic backgrounds. In a recent study by Coburn et al. The health concerns included rash, colic, cold, fever, cough, diarrhea, ear infections, and vomiting. An interesting and informative area of research has been done to see the role of confounding variables in relationship of maternal prenatal depression with infant health concerns. Age of mother, romantic partner, education, household income, immigrant status, and number of other children, breastfeeding, gestational age, birth weight are some of the mediating or moderating factors which are found correlated with infant health concerns.
Fathers can also experience depression during their partner's pregnancy, commonly displayed as fatigue or changes in sleep and eating patterns. In a research performed in Sweden observingbirths, newly diagnosed paternal depression around the time of conception or during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth.
However, a preexisting paternal depression did not show any correlation, which may be due to the mother's perception of the changes in her partner's mood. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved Archived from the how to install hawx 2 on 27 September Retrieved 4 April Feb Journal of Affective Disorders.
ISSN PMC PMID Archived from the original on 18 February BMC Psychiatry. Maternal and Child Health Journal. S2CID The Huffington Post. The Baby Center. Obstetrics and Gynecology. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Archives of Women's Mental Health. Pandas Foundation. What size memory wire for bracelets from the original on February Bibcode how to help baby to sit PLoSO.
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Scientific Reports. Bibcode : NatSR Depression and Anxiety. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. ISSN X. International Journal of Women's Health. Retrieved 13 November Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.
Developmental Psychology. Rowland; Bonney, Elizabeth A. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology.
Complications & Loss
Perinatal depression is depression that happens during pregnancy or in the first year after having a baby. It’s one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. It affects up to 1 in 7 women (about 15 percent). It includes postpartum depression (also called PPD), which is depression that happens after pregnancy. Depression During Pregnancy & Postpartum Depression during and after pregnancy occur more often than most people realize. Depression during pregnancy is also called antepartum or prenatal depression, and depression after pregnancy is called postpartum depression. Approximately 15% of women experience significant depression following childbirth.
The percentages are even higher for women who are also dealing with poverty, and can be twice as high for teen parents. Ten percent of women experience depression in pregnancy. In fact, perinatal depression is the most common complication of childbirth. Symptoms can start anytime during pregnancy or the first year postpartum. They differ for everyone, and might include the following:. It is important to know the risk factors for antepartum and postpartum depression.
Research shows that all of the things listed below put you at a higher risk for developing these illnesses. If you have any of these factors, you should discuss them with your medical provider so that you can plan ahead for care should you need it. Postpartum and antepartum depression are temporary and treatable with professional help.
If you feel you may be suffering from one of these illnesses, know that it is not your fault and you are not to blame.
You can use our Get Help page to reach out now. We understand what you are going through and will connect you to people who can help. Depression during and after pregnancy occur more often than most people realize. Depression during pregnancy is also called antepartum or prenatal depression, and depression after pregnancy is called postpartum depression. Symptoms Symptoms can start anytime during pregnancy or the first year postpartum. They differ for everyone, and might include the following: Feelings of anger or irritability Lack of interest in the baby Appetite and sleep disturbance Crying and sadness Feelings of guilt, shame or hopelessness Loss of interest, joy or pleasure in things you used to enjoy Possible thoughts of harming the baby or yourself Risk Factors It is important to know the risk factors for antepartum and postpartum depression.
Get Help. You are not alone and you are not to blame. Help is available. You will get better. HelpLine: 1.