What Is Article 1 Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution?
Article 1 - The Legislative BranchSection 8 - Powers of Congress. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several . Dec 12, · Article I Section 8 gives Congress the power to levy and collect taxes. This clause also grants Congress the power to determine how funds collected from taxes should be spent. This is referred to as "power of the purse," and gives Congress great authority over the executive branch, as the president cannot fund initiatives without consent from Congress.
To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian Tribes. To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Atricle throughout the United States. To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States. To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for what does the word stalker mean Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.
To provide for articpe forth the Militia to execute artocle Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress. To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District not exceeding ten Miles square as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become artlcle Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, what is in dishwasher detergent, and other needful Buildings;—And.
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
Article I, Section 8, specifies the powers of Congress in great detail. All other lawmaking powers are left to the states. The First Congress, concerned that the limited nature of the federal government was not clear enough in the original Constitution, later adopted Amendment X, which reserves to the states or to the people all the powers not specifically granted to the federal government.
The most important of the specific powers that the Constitution enumerates is the power to set taxes, tariffs and other means of raising federal revenue, and to authorize the expenditure of all federal funds. The federal aection borrows money by issuing bonds. This creates a national debt, which the United States is obligated to repay. Since the turn of the 20th century, federal legislation has dealt with many matters that had previously been managed by the states. Sedtion commerce clause gives Congress broad power to regulate many aspects of our economy and to pass environmental or consumer protections because so much of business today, either in manufacturing or distribution, secttion state lines.
But the commerce clause powers are not unlimited. In recent years, the U. It has issued adticle series of rulings that limit the power of Congress to pass legislation under the commerce clause or other powers contained in Article I, Section 8. For example, wbat rulings have found unconstitutional federal laws aimed at protecting battered women arhicle protecting schools from gun violence on the grounds that these types of policy matters are properly managed sectoin the states.
In addition, Congress has the power to coin money, create the postal service, army, navy and lower federal courts, and to declare war. Congress also has the responsibility of determining naturalization, how immigrants become citizens. Such laws must apply uniformly and cannot be modified by the states. Home Article I, Section 8. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn.
Article I, Section 8 The Text The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;. Nov 12, · The textual powers given to Congress can be found throughout the Constitution. But this section, Article One, Section 8, is the source of many of the most important powers. It is essentially a laundry list of powers delegated to Congress. Aug 05, · Article 1, Section 8, clause 18 of the United States Constitution gives Congress power to make any laws considered "necessary and proper" for the nation. According to Wikipedia, this clause, often called the "Necessary and Proper" or the "Elastic" clause, is sometimes accused of giving too much power to Congress.
Article I, Section 8 of the U. Perhaps the most important powers reserved to Congress by Article I, Section 8 are those to create taxes, tariffs and other sources of funds needed to maintain the operations and programs of the federal government and to authorize the expenditure of those funds. In addition to the taxation powers in Article I, the Sixteenth Amendment authorizes Congress to establish and provide for the collection of a national income tax.
The complete text of Article I, Section 8 creating the 17 enumerated powers of Congress reads as follows:. Maryland decision. When Maryland tried to place a tax on notes issued by the bank, U. Representative John McCulloch appealed it.
Since McCulloch vs. Maryland, Congress has used its implied powers in enacting laws regulating firearms , establishing the federal minimum wage , creating the income tax , and establishing the military draft , among others. Over the years, Congress has relied on the Commerce Clause to pass environmental, gun control, and consumer protection laws because many aspects of business require materials and products to cross state lines. However, the scope of the laws passed under the Commerce Clause is not unlimited.
Concerned about the rights of the states, the U. Supreme Court in recent years has issued rulings limiting the power of Congress to pass legislation under the commerce clause or other powers specifically contained in Article I, Section 8. For example, the Supreme Court has overturned the federal Gun-Free School Zones Act of and laws intended to protect abused women on the grounds that such localized police matters should be regulated by the states. All powers not granted to the U.
Congress by Article I, Section 8 are left to the states. Worried that these limitations to the powers of the federal government were not clearly enough stated in the original Constitution, the First Congress adopted the Tenth Amendment , which clearly states that all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved to the states or the people. Share Flipboard Email. Issues The U. Government U. Legal System U.
Foreign Policy U. Liberal Politics U. Robert Longley. History and Government Expert. Robert Longley is a U. Facebook Facebook. Updated February 03, Constitution grants the U. Cite this Article Format. Longley, Robert. Constitution: Article I, Section 8. The Supreme Court Case of Gibbons v. What Is Federalism? Constitution - Article I, Section Guinn v. What Is a Constitutionally Limited Government? The First 10 Amendments to the Constitution. The 10th Amendment: Text, Origins, and Meaning.