How to use the present perfect

how to use the present perfect

How to Use Present Perfect Tense: Rules and Examples

5: We can also use the present perfect to talk about something that happened recently, even if there isn't a clear result in the present. This is common when we want to introduce news and we often use the words 'just / yet / already / recently'. However, the past simple is also correct in these cases, especially in US English. Feb 09, To put the present perfect tense in a negative form, use this formula: Have/Has + not + the past participle. Youll also commonly see the contractions havent or hasnt. Examples.

Need more practice? Get more Perfect English Grammar with our how to get jobs on Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Please contact me if you have any questions usd comments. Download this explanation in PDF here. We use this tense for unfinished and finished actions.

Unfinished Actions 1: We use this tense when we want to talk about unfinished actions prefect states or habits that started in the past and continue to the present. Usually we use it to ghe 'how long' and we need 'since' or 'for'.

We often use stative verbs. I've known Karen since She's lived in London for three years. I've worked here for six months. The fixed time can be another action, which is in the past simple since I was at school, since I arrived. I've known Sam since I've liked chocolate since I was a child.

She's been here since 2pm. We use 'for' with a period of time 2 hours, three years, six months. I've known Julie for ten years. I've been hungry for hours. She's had a cold for a week. Finished Actions 2: Life experience. These are actions or events that happened sometime during a person's life. We don't say when the experience happened, and the person needs to be alive now.

We often use the words 'ever' and 'never' here. I have been to Tokyo. They have visited Paris three times. We have never seen that film. The period of time is still continuing. I haven't seen her this month. She's drunk three cups of coffee today. I've already moved house twice this year!

We CAN'T use the present perfect with a finished time word. NOT: I've seen him yesterday. We often use the present perfect to talk about something that happened in the recent past, but that is still true or important prexent. Sometimes we can use the past simple how to measure npk in soil, especially in US English. I've lost my thw so I can't get into my house. She's hurt her leg so she can't hod tennis today.

They've missed the bus so they will be late. However, the past simple is also correct in these cases, especially in US English. The Queen has given a speech. I've just seen Lucy. The Mayor has announced a new plan for the railways. Been and Gone In this tense, we use both 'been' and 'gone' how to use the present perfect the past participle of 'go', but in slightly different circumstances. We use 'been' often when we talk about life experience to mean that the person we're talking preesent visited the place and came back.

I've been to Paris in my life, but now Prefect in London, where I live. She has been to school today but now she's back at home. They have never been to California. We use 'gone' often when we are talking about an action with a result in the present to mean that the person jse to the place and is at the place now. Where's John? He's gone to the shops he's at the shops now. Julie has gone to Petfect now she's in Mexico. They've gone to Japan for three weeks now they're in Japan.

Read more about the difference te the present perfect and the past what does this emoticon mean here. Read more about the difference between the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous here. Try some present perfect exercises here.

Negative Form

Jun 20, How Do We Use Present Perfect Tense? The present perfect tense is used in the following situations: 1. Actions that have occurred at an unspecified time in the past. When you name a specific time in the past, you use the past tense. But for an unspecified time, you can use the present perfect tense. For example. Present perfect for future. We normally use the present simple to talk about the future in clauses with before, after, until, etc.: I'll keep looking until I find my book. We'll begin when everyone arrives. but we can also use the present perfect: I'll keep looking until I . You can use the present perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of " You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience.

In this article, we will look at the present perfect tense. For a full breakdown of verb tenses in every form, check out our main article on verb tenses. I have worked a lot today. Have you worked a lot?

I have not worked a lot yet. The past participle is usually formed by adding -ed or -d to the end of the verb, but there are many irregular verbs in English. Use the present perfect tense when you want to emphasize the result of an action. Use the simple past instead. So, what exactly does it mean when we say an indefinite time?

This is a concept that can be confusing to ESL learners. This is also commonly used in the negative form. There is no definite time associated with the experience. That means Joey has at some point tasted ice cream before. Use negative form in this situation. Please note that in the last example the building of the house is not a finished process.

If it is, use the past simple tense. This situation can be tricky. The present perfect tense is always an expression of an action that happened at an indefinite time. Often, these expressions will follow with indicators like: in the past month, in the past year, this month, up to this point, so far, recently, etc. Last year means the year before the current year, and last month means the month before this month. In the last year, means from days ago until that moment. Use 2 : When describing an action that began in the past but continues into the present.

For more ESL topics like the simple present tense and the simple past tense and to learn how a professional tutor can help solidify your understanding of English grammar, visit Magoosh Speaking today!

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