When to Use an Oil Heater
The body of an oil filled heater is made up of a series of stacked metal fins or columns, or sometimes a single flat panel. Warm diathermic oil circulates through channels built inside the fins and panels, heating the metal as it goes. The warm metal surface then radiates heat into the air surrounding the heater. The liquid travels through the house, providing heat through equipment such as radiators or baseboards. Cooled water then cycles back to the boiler for reheating. A less common oil heater is a steam boiler. After water boils, steam moves through the system, bringing heat to radiators.
In some applications, it is nearly impossible for oil to remain fluid at all ambient temperatures. In these situations, the use of an oil heater is recommended. However, there are several things that must be considered before a heater is applied or even selected. In some cases, these devices how to use oil heater be counterproductive for your machines as well as your lubricants. There are several reasons why you may wish to utilize a lube oil heater for your systems.
For instance, if your machine has splash-lubricated components, it will be important for the oil to remain fluid, as it will require a certain amount of fluidity for the what is a percale valance sheet to splash and lubricate the various parts inside the compartment.
Other lubrication systems utilize circulating oil. In both of these cases, it is beneficial for the oil to remain fluid enough to do its required work inside the equipment. Viscosity is one of the first properties to consider when choosing a lubricant. You must select the proper viscosity in order to have an adequate lubricating film at the operating temperature. To ensure the lubricant will provide an appropriate lubricating film at all in-service temperatures, you must also keep the viscosity index in mind as well.
The viscosity index is a measure of how much the viscosity changes within a given temperature range. The higher the viscosity index, the less the viscosity will change over that range in temperature. Depending on how hdater the temperature change is, the viscosity index can help determine whether a lube oil heater is needed. If the viscosity never thickens to the point where the oil ceases to flow, then a heater is not required.
Look for one property in particular - the pour point. During this test, an oil sample is gradually cooled and its flow measured.
Once no movement is seen after five seconds, the pour point is recorded as the previous temperature when flow was observed. For machines that operate at low temperatures, the pour point is very important.
If possible, select a lubricant with a pour point at least nine degrees lower than the lowest expected ambient temperature.
This ensures the lubricant remains fluid enough at these lower temperatures so as not to hinder its movement or splashing characteristics. Wax is another lubricant constituent that affects the pour ehater. Waxes are commonly found in Group I paraffinic mineral-based oils. While they help contribute to a higher viscosity index, waxes can congeal and cause the lubricant to gel at colder temperatures.
In the ueater process, great lengths are taken to remove uwe much wax as possible. One method known as chill dewaxing involves the oil being mixed with solvents to help absorb some of the unsaturated hydrocarbons, then chilled to congeal the wax and filtered to remove as much of the wax as possible. This is commonly found in Group I and II base oils. In this process, the normally straight paraffin chains are stressed and reformed into branched chains, which helps minimize the free wax and lower the pour point.
If the oil in the machine is less refined or has a lower quality base oilthe wax content may be high enough that the oil gels much easier, leading to a much higher pour point and making the case for using an oil heater.
To combat the problem of waxes congealing, most lubricants are formulated with an additive known as a pour point depressant. This additive is commonly made from compounds of alkylated wax naphthalene, polymethacrylates and alkylated wax phenols. As mentioned previously, when oil how to unlock samsung chat 335, the wax crystals in the fluid begin to congeal, leading to the gelation of the oil and a higher pour point.
Pour point depressants inhibit the congelation of those crystals, keeping the oil more fluid and lowering the pour point. Heafer, these additives only work down to certain temperatures based on the formulation and the wax content in the base oil.
Once the temperature drops below a certain point, the pour point depressants are no longer able to keep the waxes from congealing. As the soot load builds, the viscosity rises as well. For example, after an engine is parked overnight during winter, the soot load contributes to decreased oil movement in the morning, which can oip in delayed lubrication in the engine. Glycol hewter another contaminant often found hos engines.
Routine oil analysis can help to identify both of these root causes of impending lubricant and machine failure. Due to the propensity of engines to produce contaminants, you frequently will see diesel engines in cold environments with oil-pan heaters installed to keep the oil fluid.
There are two main types of oil heaters used in industry. The first and probably most common for industrial applications involving a reservoir is a submergible heater also known as an immersion heater with a probe that extends into the oil.
The length of the probe and the heating capacity are based on the expected temperature and quantity of oil in the reservoir. If these types how to use oil heater heaters are used, they should be thermostatically controlled, since the elements can heat up and cook the oil surrounding the heater. The temperature should be set to allow the oil to remain fluid but not too high so as to cause premature oxidation and hot-wall thermal degradation. Most of these heaters must be fully submerged.
Otherwise, they can become damaged due to overheating. When inspecting the heater, any evidence of sludgy, carbonaceous deposits on element surfaces indicates heaater the skin temperature is too high. A yse rule of thumb is 15 watts what is the worlds largest man- made lake square inch 2.
In the automotive world, many heaters are actually external to the oil sump. They work by heating the surrounding metal, with the heat then transferring to the oil to keep it fluid.
These heaters also need to be thermostatically controlled but have a lower risk of causing localized thermal heqter to hkw oil, as they utilize more of a radiant heating process. The downside to these heaters is that they usually require more energy and take longer to become effective. In my experience working on refrigeration compressors, I found it was common to use this type of heating apparatus to keep oil moving inside the compressor when it became cold.
They have a small heating element that wraps around the outside of the compressor. The heaters how to lose upper thigh fat fast then be tied into a thermostatically controlled relay to kick on and off based on the ambient and running conditions.
If the lubricant remains fluid enough to move and adequately lubricate at all in-service temperatures, a heater will only put more stress on the lubricant and shorten its life. Fix the source of the fluid ingression and then continue using the heater. Also, exercise caution with how to delete friends on facebook mobile android in applications that employ a lower refined oil or one that is at the end of its oxidative life.
A heater may just be the catalyst needed to push the oil over the edge and kick-start the oxidative failure process. By selecting the right oil heater and lubricants, you can help ensure your equipment will work well at all expected temperatures.
Just how to use oil heater that heaters are not a one-size-fits-all solution to problems involving high viscosity brought on by hezter cooling. However, if you do your homework and routinely inspect your heaters and oils, they can provide tremendous benefits to your lubrication program.
Why Utilize Oil Heaters? The Importance of Oil Viscosity Viscosity is one of the first properties to consider when choosing a lubricant. Waxes Wax is another lubricant constituent that affects the pour point. Pour Point Depressants To combat the problem of waxes congealing, most lubricants are formulated with an additive known as a pour point depressant. Types how to unlock wifi wep key Oil Heaters There are two main types of oil heaters used in industry.
About the Author Wes Cash. Wes Cash is the director of technical services for Noria Corporation. He serves as a senior technical consultant for Lubrication Program Development projects and as a senior instructor for Kil More. Related Articles. Dynamic vs. Kinematic Viscosity: What's the Difference?
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What Puts the Waste in ‘Waste Oil Heater’?
Heated liquid inside a metal housing releases warmth out into the room without a fan or blower. The oil isn’t burned or used as fuel, so no oil is added to the radiator. Electricity is used to warm. Nov 28, · Types of Oil Heaters. There are two main types of oil heaters used in industry. The first and probably most common for industrial applications involving a reservoir is a submergible heater (also known as an immersion heater) with a probe that extends into the oil. The length of the probe and the heating capacity are based on the expected temperature and quantity of oil in the reservoir. If these types of heaters are used Author: Wes Cash. The oil is pre-heated by the burner to the correct temperature. The heated oil is atomized (converted into tiny particles). The heated oil fine mist is sprayed into the blast tube. The heated oil .
In a world of waste, many people are seeking solutions to transform that waste into something useful. Does it really provide green heat? How much money will it save me? These questions and more are answered below. While homeowners can be a source of waste oil, e. Once oil becomes unusable, the perpetual question has been, what do you do with it? Instead, a traditional solution has been to use a third party service.
They transport the waste to an off-site oil disposal facility where it can be properly burned or recycled. Businesses realized that if their waste oil was going to be burned anyways, why not burn it themselves?
Accordingly, many have started re-purposing their oil, using it in combination with a commercial used oil heater to provide warmth in work spaces. In this way, the waste turns into energy, and the companies save money on utility bills and disposal costs. In commercial applications, these heaters generally use 0.
Unfortunately, a waste oil furnace is not as Mother Earth friendly as advertised. As you can see in Step 14 above, some floats out of the chimney and into the air we breathe.
According to the Allegheny County, Penn. This means they have too much of certain substances in them, such as lead, and must be burned in designated furnaces. And if you want to know whether your waste oil is okay to burn, you have to get it tested. In some areas, this type of heating is not allowed at all, while other places allow it with a permit that confirms the oil has been tested. This constitutes smell pollution and you can be fined for it in certain counties. Another major concern is that waste oil furnaces are often used in dangerous, flammable environments.
If the burner is not properly manufactured, tested, installed, and regularly cleaned, the risk of a fire is extremely high. While body shops may seem like prime candidates for a used oil burner, they are NOT: exhaust from paint can get sucked into the chimney gases, after which it gets recirculated back into the heater and the breathing air in the room. The answer is no. Using such a furnace without a permit can result in high fines.
The permit itself from the local Health Department can be expensive, and often requires independent testing of the waste oil, which costs even more. Another thing you might have noticed from the step-by-step of how the burner works is that waste-filled oil heaters are still, at heart, electric heaters.
That is, they still require electricity to operate, and many commercial used oil heaters are surprisingly energy-inefficient. Finally, home users will still have to purchase waste oil for burning. Waste oil recyclers pick up unusable oil from companies and then sell it after filtering it. This is probably the most important question when it come to used oil heating appliances. You can find a number of guides online explaining how to take an old stove or water heater tank, and then drill your own chimney and intake holes, and so on.
All we can say is:. This component helps the oil burn cleaner and faster, with less ash. Built-up ash poses a fire hazard and the deposits may be toxic. For example, single-wall chimneys are dangerous. They can get extremely hot inside, which can result in fires. A waste oil heater will cost more out the door than a traditional oil-filled heater, because the components and technology are more complex to meet the burner regulations.
In doing your research, you may find people deeming the extra cost as acceptable because you save money on energy costs throughout the life of the appliance. In reality, this is only applicable to big factories and the like that have a a high used oil output.
Building your own unit, which may seem like a cheaper alternative, is just downright unsafe. This model also has a tip-over switch and overheat shut-off. The best part is that the AH uses only watts to operate. How did you get the idea to create your helpful YouTube videos? I got the idea to make YouTube videos after searching for a video Read More. There's a perfect solution for heating any room in your home, and we want to help you find it.
When it comes to heating your Read More. Trusted in Millions of Homes. Dual Zone Wine Fridges. Black Stainless Steel Fridges. Freestanding Fridges. Outdoor Beverage Fridges. High Velocity Fans. Outdoor Misting Fans. Or do they? A tank on the burner is filled with waste oil. An electric motor turns a fan. The fan pulls air into a blast tube.
A pump draws waste oil from the tank and through a filter. The filtered oil is pumped to the burner. The oil is pre-heated by the burner to the correct temperature. The heated oil is atomized converted into tiny particles. The heated oil fine mist is sprayed into the blast tube. The heated oil particles mix with air in the blast tube. The heated oil and air particles are then ignited by a high voltage starter. A heat exchanger gets hot air from the ignited oil.
This heat is expelled into the room. Leftover gas is vented into the air via a chimney. Browse Portable Space Heaters. Shop Now. You May Also Like.